How will climate change affect viral infections spread in future? Researchers have explained that ecological degradation, rising temperatures, and extreme weather events could negatively affect human health caused by viruses.
The latest research predicts that the complexity of interactions between climate, nature, and human activity will cause climate change and increase the spread of viral infections. Many studies have revealed that changes in temperature, rainfall, and humidity can affect the spread of infectious diseases.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has demonstrated that human activities have caused a rise in global temperatures of 1.0°C. If the current warming rate continues, temperatures will reach 1.5°C above between 2030 and 2052.
Fluctuations in temperature, rainfall, and humidity will largely affect the world’s animals and ecosystems. In addition, this is also predicted to affect the availability of food consumed by animal hosts, such as bats, chimps, pangolin, and deer.
However, there is no evidence that climate change is one of the factors responsible for spreading the coronavirus pandemic. But several scientists are debating about a possible role of different weather patterns.
The scientists write, “Climate models suggest that the rapid weather variability in autumn will continue to strengthen in some regions of northern mid-latitudes in a warming climate, implying that the risk of an influenza epidemic may increase 20% to 50% in some highly populated regions in the later 21st century.”
One of the studies published by the Journal of the Royal Society Interface in 2014 stated that improvements in prevention, early detection, control, and treatment are helping to reduce the number of people infected.
Caroline Kenny is the senior news reporter for News Fior She covers Science. Caroline graduated from the Honors College at the College of Charleston with bachelor’s degrees in communication and political science. She worked for Science Mag. She was a digital producer for Science Mag. She is a native of Long Island, New York.